Manipulations

 

Target

         
Size (Bonneh
& al., 2001), target diameter varied with 3 protection zone sizes (Wilke
& al., 2003).

         
Dynamic Targets moving, flickering targets (Bonneh & al., 2001; Hsu &
Yeh, 2008), physical removed (Mitroff & Scholl, 2004; see also Montaser-Kouhsari
& al., 2004), rotating during suppression (Mitroff & Scholl, 2004),
unresolvable
Gabor orientation change during suppression (
Rajimehr, 2004).  

         
Contrast/luminance suppression increase with contrast (Bonneh & al., 2001; Hsu &
al., 2004; Hsu & Yeh, 2002; but see Caetta, 2009). Luminance sinusoidally
modulated (
Libedinsky,
Savage & Livingstone, 2009).
   

         
Eccentricity (Hsu
& al., 2004; Wilke & al., 2003; Bonneh & al., 2001 – data not shown
-).

         
Perceptual grouping proximity, contour smoothness, object competition, collinear vs
orthogonal Gabor patches (Bonneh & al., 2001), targets grouping-ungrouping
during suppression (Mitroff & Scholl, 2005), same/different gratings color/orientation
(Kouhsari, 2003), with
unresolvable Gabor orientation (Rajimehr, 2004), proximity (Shibata, Kawachi & Gyoba, 2007),
word/non-word (Devyatko & Falikman, 2008).

         
Adaptation stimulus
adaptation (Wilke & al., 2003; Inoue & Kikuchi, 2005), orientation-selective
adaptation preserved during suppression (Montaser-Kouhsari & al., 2004),
negative afterimage (Hofstoetter & al., 2004), boundary adaptation effect
(Hsu & al., 2005), adaptation as a function of exposure time & MIB
(Caetta & Gorea, 2008).

         
Protection zone size (Bonneh & al., 2001 ; Wilke & al., 2003; Hsu
& Yeh, 2002), test the disapearance of PZ (Hsu & al., 2004)

         
Multiple targets (Bonneh & al., 2001; Graf & al., 2002; Tschacher & al., 2006),
two concentric rings in which spatial separation was varied (to test the
“suppressive wave” hypo – Wilke & al., 2003)  

         
Target types simple
stimuli as dot, square, cross, gabor (Bonneh & al., 2001 ; and others
refs) ; complex pattern as face, natural image (Wilke & al., 2003)

         
Depth target
depth as a function of mask plan (Graf & al., 2002; Wagner, 2003;
Hsu, Kramer & Yeh, 2006;  

         
Physical removing during suppression phase (Mitroff 
& Scholl, 2004; see also
Montaser-Kouhsari & al., 2004; Klotz & Ansorge, 2007)

         
Depth of suppression threshold for luminance increment as
a function of target contrast, subjects’ criteria for invisible target (
Caetta, Gorea & Bonneh, 2007).

         
Boundary regularity (Hsu, Kramer & Yeh, 2006)

         
Temporal dynamics of suppression  MIB vs
Binocular rivalry (
Carter & Pettigrew, 2003), MIB (Goutcher, 2008)

 

Mask

         
Contrast (Bonneh
& al., 2001), equiluminance mask-background
(Wallis & Arnold, 2009).  

         
Dot
number
(Bonneh & al.,
2001; Wilke & al., 2003)

         
Speed as a
function of speed (Bonneh & al., 2001), static (Hsu & Yeh, 2002;
Hsu & Yeh, 2008)

         
Type random dots, noise (Bonneh & al.,
2001; Wilke & al., 2003; Hsu & Yeh, 2002), 3D, 2D & 1D (Bonneh
& al., 2001), Kanizsa « p
ac-men » (Graf & al., 2002), movie of driving scene (Inoue & Kikuchi, 2007), radial
gratings and waveform modulation (Wallis & Arnold, 2008), expending vs.
contracting motion, vertical vs. horizontal motion (Wallis & Arnold, 2008).

         
Perceptual grouping between target-distractor (Hsu & al., 2003; Hsu & Yeh,
2005)

         
Sudden changes stationary dots flashed (delay between target-mask), suddenly started to
move or color change (Wilke & al., 2003).

         
Flickering ring, dots, flankers (Kawabe & Miura, 2007), mask (New
& Scholl, in press).

         
Mask & target segregated, far away the mask (data not shown –
Bonneh, Sagi & Cooperman, 2001), across the vertical midline (
Libedinsky, Savage, &
Livingstone, 2009)

         
Adaptation preliminary adaptation to the mask and
suppression delay (Inoue, Kikuchi, 2006), mask aftereffect and suppression
(
Lages,
Adams & Graf, 2007).

 

Background/Surround

        
Quadrant grid around the target  (New & Scholl, 2008)

 

Eyes/spaces

         
Monocular
(Bonneh & al., 2001; Hsu
& al., 2004; Montaser-Kouhsari, 2004;
Hofstoetter
& al., 2004;
Mitroff  & Scholl, 2005; Inoue & Kikuchi, 2005;
Tschacher & al.,
2006
)

         
Dichoptic
(Wilke & al., 2003;
Graf & al., 2002; Inoue & Kikuchi, 2005;
Devyatko, 2007)

         
Monocular vs Dichoptic: five combinations of monocular and dioptic stimulus and surround à target: monoptic/dioptic, mask: monoptic,
monoptic contra target, dioptic (Wilke & al., 2003).

         
Eyes saccades (Wagner, 2003; Hsieh, Caplovitz, & Tse, 2006; Hsieh & Tse, 2009), fixation and target move in
concert or not (New & Scholl, 2008)

         
Visual Space and target suppression rate (Bonneh & al., 2001; Bonneh & Cooperman, 2003; Bonneh,
Sagi & Cooperman, 2005
)

 

Brain

         
Single units record from V1 (Libedinsky, Savage & Livingstone, 2009)

         
EEG  (Klotz
& Ansorge, 2007), correlated ERP with Necker cube  (Hsu , Yeh, Tien & Lin, 2008).

         
fMRI (Hsieh, Caplovitz, Tse, 2005; Donner, Sagi, Bonneh & Heeger, 2008; Hsieh & Tse, 2009; Scholvinck
& Rees, 2009
).

         
TMS (Funk & Pettigrew, 2003)

 

Others

         
Psychiatric disorders schizophenics with positive & negative symptoms (Tschacher, 2006)

         
Cue presented just after target suppression; flashed, flickering
ring cue (
Kawabe,
Yamada, & Miura, 2007), auditory cue (Shibata, Kawachi, Yairi, Iwaya,
Gyoba, & Suzuki, 2008), reappearance rate as a function of target-cue
similarity (Bonneh, Cooperman, & Sagi, 2007;
Sagi & Bonneh, 2007).)

         
Attentional modulation Divided vs. focused attention on target disappearance report (Geng, H., Song, Q., Li, Y., Xu, S., & Zhu,
Y., 2007;
Carter, Luedeman, Mitroff
& Nakayama, 2008;
Devyatko,
2008; Schölvinck & Rees, 2009)

         
Training (Bonneh, Sagi, & Cooperman, 2005)

 

 

REFERENCES

 

Bonneh,
Y., Cooperman, A. & Sagi, D. (2001). Motion-Induced blindness in normals
observers. Nature, 411, 798-801.

Caetta, F. (2009). Interactions sensorielles et
décisionnelles : une étude autour de la cécité induite par le mouvement.
Doctoral dissertation, Université Paris Descartes, France.

Caetta, F., Gorea, A., & Bonneh, Y. (2007). Sensory and decisional factors in
motion-induced blindness. Journal of  Vision, 7(7), 4 1-12

Libedinsky, C., Savage, T., &
Livingstone, M. (2009). Perceptual and physiological evidence for a role for
early visual areas in motion-induced blindness.
Journal of Vision,
9(1):14, 1-10.

Carter, O., Luedeman, R., & Mitroff, S. R.,
& Nakayama, K. (in preparation). Motion induced blindness: The more you
attend the less you see.

Carter,
O. L., & Pettigrew, J. D. (2003). A common oscillator for perceptual
rivalries?
Perception, 32, 295-305.

Donner,
T.H., Sagi, D., Bonneh, Y.S. & Heeger, D. (2008).
Opposite neural signatures of motion-induced
blindness in human dorsal and ventral visual cortex. Journal of
Neuroscience, 28
, 10298-10310.

Funk,
A. P. & Pettigrew, J. D. (2003). Does interhemispheric competition mediate
motion-induced blindness? A transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Perception,
32, 1328-1338.

Geng,
H., Song, Q., Li, Y., Xu, S., & Zhu, Y. (2007). Attentional modulation of
motion-induced blindness. Chinese Science
Bulletin, 52
,
1063-1070.

Graf,
E. W.,
Adams, W. J. & Lages, M. (2002).
Modulating motion-induced blindness with depth ordering and surface completion.
Vision research, 42, 2731-2735.

Hofstoetter,
C., Koch, C. & Kiper, D. C. (2004). Motion-induced blindness does not affect
the formation of negative afterimages. Consciousness and Cognition, 13,
691-708.

Hsieh,
P.-J. & Tse, P. U. (2009).  
Microsaccade rate varies with subjective visibility during
motion-induced blindness. PLOS One. 4(4).

Hsu, L.
C., Yeh, S. L. & Kramer, P. (2004).
Linking motion-induced blindness to perceptual
filling-in. Vision Research, 44, 2857-2866.

Hsu, L.
C., Yeh, S. L. & Kramer, P. (2006).
A common mechanism for perceptual filling-in
and motion-induced blindness. Vision research,
46,
1973–1981.

Kawabe,
T., & Miura, K. (2007). Subjective disappearance of a target by flickering
flankers.
Vision Research, 47, 913–918.

Kawabe,
T., Yamada, Y., & Miura, K. (2007). How an abrupt onset cue can release
motion-induced blindness.
Consciousness and Cognition.

Klotz, W., & Ansorge, U. (2007).
Preceding stimulus awareness augments offset-evoked potentials: evidence from
motion-induced blindness. Psychological
Research, 71
(6), 694-702.

Mitroff,
S. R. & Scholl, B. J. (2004).
Seeing the disappearance of unseen objects. Perception, 33,
1267-1273.

Mitroff,
S. R. & Scholl, B. J. (2005).
Forming and updating object representations without awareness: evidence
from motion-induced blindness. Vision research, 45, 961-967.

Montaser-Kouhsari, L.,  Moradi, F., Zandvakili, A. & Esteki, H.
(2004). Orientation-selective
adaptation during motion-induced blindness. Perception, 33, 249-254.

New,
J. J., & Scholl, B. J. (2008). ‘Perceptual scotomas’: A functional account
of motion-induced blindness.
Psychological Science, 19(7), 653 – 659.

Schölvinck,
M. L., & Rees, G. (2009). Attentional influences on the dynamics of
motion-induced blindness.
Journal of Vision, 9(1):38, 1-9.

Scholvinck, M., & Rees, G. (2009).
Neural correlates of motion-induced blindness in the human brain, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience (in
press).

Rajimehr
R (2004). Unconscious orientation processing. Neuron 41:663-673.

Tschacher,
W., Schuler, D. & Junghan, U. (2006).
Reduced perception of the motion-induced
blindness illusion in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 81, 261-267.

Wallis,
T.S.A, & Arnold, D.H. (2008). Motion-induced blindness is not tuned to
retinal speed.
Journal
of Vision
, 8(2):11,
1-7.

Wallis,
T.S. A. & Arnold, D. H. (2009). Motion-induced blindness and motion streak
suppression. Current Biology, 19, 325-329.

Wilke,
M., & Logothetis, N. K. & Leopold, D. A. (2003). Generalized flash
suppression of salient visual targets. Neuron, 39, 1043-1052.

 

 

Abstracts/ Posters – Talks

 

Bonneh,
Y., & Cooperman, A. (2003). Motion induced blindness is affected by head-centered
and object-centered mechanisms [Abstract].
Journal of Vision, 3(9):221,
221a, http://journalofvision.org/3/9/221/, doi:10.1167/3.9.221.

Bonneh,
Y., Cooperman, A., & Sagi, D. (2007). Induced reappearance of invisible
stimuli in motion induced blindness: uncovering interactions across the
awareness boundary [Abstract]. Journal of Vision, 7(9):1010,
1010a, http://journalofvision.org/7/9/1010/, doi:10.1167/7.9.1010.

Bonneh,
Y. S., Sagi, D., & Cooperman, A. (2005). Learning to ignore: Practice can
increase disappearance in motion induced blindness [Abstract]. Journal of
Vision
, 5(8):223, 223a, http://journalofvision.org/5/8/223/,
doi:10.1167/5.8.223.

Caetta,
F., Gorea, A. & Bonneh, Y. (2006). 
Aspects sensoriels et
décisionnels dans la  Cécité  Induite par le  mouvement.
Neurocomp 2006

Caetta,
F. & Gorea, A. (2008). Deep adaptation under Motion-induced blindness
conditions. ECVP 2008

Carter, O., Luedeman, R.,  Mitroff, S. R., & Nakayama, K. (2008). Motion induced blindness: The more you attend the
less you see.
Paper presented at the
annual meeting of the Vision Sciences Society,
Naples, FL.

Carter, O. & Pettigrew, J. (2002) Motion
induced blindness is a form of perceptual rivalry with implications for bipolar
disorder.
Proceedings of the Australian Neuroscience Society 13:
323.

Devyatko,
D. (2007). Long-lasting connections: the relationship between motion-induced
blindness and binocular rivalry reconsidered [Abstract].
Journal of
Vision
, 7(9):375, 375a, http://journalofvision.org/7/9/375/,
doi:10.1167/7.9.375.

Devyatko, D.(2008).
Attentional modulation of motion-induced blindness: the more you look at them,
the more they disappear? The Third International Conference on Cognitive
Science: Abstracts: 2 vols.
Moscow, 20-25 June, 2008 –
M.:  Art-Publishing House, 2008. P.37.

Devyatko, D. & Falikman, M. (2008). Would
letters forming a word survive motion-induced blindness?
Presented at the annual meeting of the Vision
Sciences Society,
Naples, FL.

Donner, T., Sagi, D., Bonneh,
Y. & Heeger, D. (2008).
Distinct Neural Signatures of Motion-Induced Blindness in Human Visual
Cortex.
Presented at the annual
meeting of the Vision Sciences Society,
Naples, FL.

Goutcher R, (2008).
Temporal dynamics of motion-induced-blindness. Perception 37 ECVP
2008

Graf,
E., Adams, W., Lages, M., & Mamassian, P. (2002). Modulating
motion-induced-blindness with depth ordering [Abstract].
Journal of Vision, 2(7):642,
642a, http://journalofvision.org/2/7/642/, doi:10.1167/2.7.642.

Hsieh,
P., Caplovitz, G.P., Tse, P.U. (2005). Neuronal activity varies with
Motion-induced blindness in ipsilateral and contralateral retinotopic cortex
and contralateral HMT+. Program No. 136.6. 2005 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary
Planner.
Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2005.

Hsu L-C,
Yeh S-L, (2002). On the novelty of ‘motion-induced blindness. Perception
31 ECVP 2002

Hsu,
L.-c., & Yeh, S.-L. (2004). Perceptual blindness induced by surface
competition [Abstract].
Journal of Vision, 4(8):717, 717a,
http://journalofvision.org/4/8/717/, doi:10.1167/4.8.717.

Hsu L-C,
Yeh S-L, (2005). Motion-induced blindness as a kind of visual neglect Perception
34 ECVP 2005

Hsu,
L.-C., Kramer, P., & Yeh, S.-L. (2007). Monocular depth ordering affect
perceptual filling-in and motion induced blindness [Abstract].
Journal
of Vision
, 7(9):364, 364a, http://journalofvision.org/7/9/364/,
doi:10.1167/7.9.364.

Hsu, L.C., Yeh, S.L. (2008). Is Motion-induced blindness a perceptual scotoma? Presented at the annual meeting of the Vision
Sciences Society,
Naples, FL.

Hsu L,
Yeh S, Kramer P, (2003). Linking motion-induced blindness to
perceptual filling-in Perception 32 ECVP 2003

Hsu L, Yeh, S, Tien, Y & Lin, C
(2008). Oscillation of Conscious Experience and Brain Activity in
Motion-Induced Blindness and the Necker Cube
.
ASSC 2008
Annual Meeting.
.

Inoue,
K., Kikuchi, T. (2005). The effects of adaptation to a static stimulus on
motion-induced blindness. Perception: ECVP 2005.

Inoue, K.,
Kikuchi, T., (2006). The effect of motion adaptation on motion-induced
blindness. Perception 35 ECVP 2006

Inoue K,
Kikuchi T, (2007). Motion-induced blindness in seeing a movie of driving
scenes. Perception 36 ECVP 2007

Kouhsari L
M, (2003). Disappearance patterns of coloured gratings and illusory contours in
motion-induced blindness, Perception 32 ECVP 2003

Kouhsari L
M, Moradi F, Zand-Vakili A, Esteki H, (2002).
Orientation-selective adaptation in motion-induced blindness, Perception
31 ECVP 2002

Lages M,
Adams W, Graf E, (2007). Motion-aftereffect-induced blindness. Perception
36 ECVP 2007

Li H,
(2004). New motion-induced blindness observed in Pulfrich situation Perception
33 ECVP 2004

Libedinsky,
C., & Livingstone, M. (2006). Multi-level suppression during Motion-Induced
Blindness [Abstract].
Journal
of Visio
n
, 6(6):301, 301a, http://journalofvision.org/6/6/301/,
doi:10.1167/6.6.301.

Mitroff,
S. R., & Scholl, B. J. (2004). Online Grouping and Segmentation Without
Awareness: Evidence from Motion-Induced Blindness [Abstract].
Journal
of Vision
, 4(8):201, 201a, http://journalofvision.org/4/8/201/,
doi:10.1167/4.8.201

New,
J., & Scholl, B. (2007). A ‘Perceptual Scotoma’ Theory of motion-induced
blindness [Abstract].
Journal of Vision, 7(9):779, 779a,

Sagi D,
Bonneh Y, (2007). Visual interactions across the surface of consciousness,
Perception 36 ECVP 2007

Scholvinck, M. & Rees, G.
(2008). Neural Correlates of Motion-Induced Blindness in the Human Brain.
Presented at the annual meeting of the Vision
Sciences Society,
Naples, FL.

Shibata M, Kawachi Y, & Gyoba J,
(2007). Combined effects of
perceptual-grouping cues on object representations revealed
by motion-induced blindness. Perception 36 ECVP 2007

Shibata M, Kawachi Y, Yairi S,
Iwaya Y, Gyoba J, & Suzuki Y, (2008). Suppressed visual awareness can be recovered by
sounds presented in the relevant locations. Perception 37 ECVP
2008

Wagner M,
(2003). Eye-movement patterns during stereo-motion-induced blindness, Perception
32 ECVP 2003

Wallis, T.
S. A. & Arnold, D. H. (2008). Motion-induced blindness: a consequence
of overzealous motion deblurring?. Perception 37 ECVP 2008

 

 

Online Demos

From Bonneh’s homepage (related to: Bonneh
& al., 2001)

http://www.weizmann.ac.il/home/bnbonneh/MIB/mib.html

 

From Yale’s Perception & Cognition lab (related to: Mitroff
& Scholl, 2004; Mitroff & Scholl, 2005;
New & Scholl, 2008).

http://pantheon.yale.edu/~bs265/demos/MIB.html

 

From Libedinsky’s homepage (related to: Libedinsky, Savage &
Livingstone, submitted)

http://camilele.googlepages.com/

 

From Michael Bach’s
optical illusions website

http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/mot_mib/